A Seedy Scene

Posted Monday, January 11th, 2010 at 11:05 am

On Saturday morning a group of about 15 folks gathered in the community room of the very groovy Holy Nativity Episcopal Church in Westchester for a free, 90-minute, information-packed class on how to plant seeds. What I learned about starting seedlings was a lot. I could hardly believe my luck.

The class was taught by writer, gardener and founder of Environmental Change-Makers, Joanne Poyourow.  Joanne is also a leader in the LA Transition Movement, a worldwide network of people and communities who are preparing for the one-two punch of the end of “peak oil” and climate change.  That is, when the days of our energy surplus are over and we’ll have to adapt with a more sustainable, self-reliant lifestyle.

It’s gonna happen, people, so start knitting!

The movement encourages communities to organize “re-skilling” classes that teach basic skills which have been forgotten in our highly industrialized, energy sucking culture – like bread-baking, sewing, and organic vegetable gardening.

Once again I am amazed that my innocent investigations into learning how to garden so quickly get swept up into the complexity of international environmental politics.  It’s incredible how chopping up homegrown basil has become both a culinary and revolutionary act.

The first part of the class was spent with Joanne lecturing and demonstrating the methods for gathering seeds, using recyclable materials in the garden, starting seedlings, and then transplanting them to the soil once in flower. After the class, we walked around the small but impressive organic vegetable garden outside the church, where Joanne showed us how to tell our various seedlings apart.

Raised beds neatly laid in geometric patterns were filled with a colorful array of fresh vegetables and flowers in combinations that allowed for their highest growth potential.  The thriving foliage resembled an artist’s palette in bloom.  My husband wandered around the garden taking pictures, while I thirstily drank in every word that was said.

I have to say that the urban cynic in me is highly suspicious of the simplicity of the whole seed-planting act.  Just put the seed in the dirt with some water and something will grow?  Am I really supposed to believe that?  Well, we shall see.

I scribbled copious notes on everything I learned this weekend. Today, I actually went out to the local nursery and bought seeds. And soil. And a spray bottle. Yes, friends, your friendly neighborhood apartment-farmer is ready to do the deed. It’s time to plant something.

In case you’re following along with me, I’ve typed up my class notes for your benefit.  You can download a word doc here.   I’m also going to put them in a separate post.

I also highly recommend joining me for the next class in the series on January 23rd, on Soil Building.

Check out the Farm Apartment Calendar for details.


Happy 2010

Posted Friday, January 8th, 2010 at 7:16 pm

It’s been awhile since the last communication.  I just came back from the East Coast the other day.  I am so happy to be back in warm Southern California where I don’t have to wear pants under my pants!

I’ve hit the ground running here with three new garden projects to begin.  Here at the Farm Apartment I am going to transform the front window in our living room into an indoor garden.  The Window is the entire reason I moved into this place.  We have the corner apartment on the second floor and our view is filled with giant, lush trees.  At the moment, my husband and I have our desks set up against the glass so we can look up from our writing to gaze out at all the action.  All day long we watch busy hummingbirds, fat bellied bees, daring squirrels.  My favorite spectacle is the majestic flock of crows that swoop, dive and swirl as they zoom past  every day at sunset.

I plan to reorganize the space so that we can still enjoy the view while having room for lots of edible plants.  Whenever I’ve tried to grow anything in here in the past, it has been immediately attacked by aphids, so I’m ready for battle.

Out back, I’m going to start a container garden on my teensy, shade shrouded porch and in the common space of my apartment building.

Also – I found a yard to garden! All of my whining about not having space has paid off.  My friend’s mom, Judith (a truly inspired painter of animal portraits) offered me her entire backyard!  She only lives about 10 minutes away.  So I’m going to get a raised bed garden going.  What should I grow?

My third gardening project is one that is truly inspirational to me. Along with a few other volunteer gardeners, I am working with the nonprofit WISE and Healthy Aging to transform a previously unused space into a vegetable garden for their Adult Day Service Center.  The WISE Center provides a safe place for elderly adults with all stages of dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease. Creating a garden for the benefit of those at the end of their lives will be a powerful manifestation of many of my own beliefs and values.

I heard about this opportunity through Santa Monica’s Garden Registry program.  Turns out, this is going to be their first big yard-sharing project.  How’s that for being on the van-garden?

So there you have it.  From zero to three gardens in 1.5 months flat.

Let the apartment farming begin!


Lower East Side Garden Tour (kinda)

Posted Tuesday, December 22nd, 2009 at 3:38 pm


So I’ve been doing a tour of community gardens here in New York.

Pardon my interruption for this breaking news alert: it’s winter.  For all my fellow Angelenos that means it’s cold.

The wickedness of the icy wind is hard to fathom for someone used to the sunny climes.  So I’m sure you’ll understand that  I’ve only been to a few gardens, since I can’t stay out long before hurrying back to the apartment and cozying up next to the radiator.  Ah…New York.

Though I love all the arts and the people watching and the energy of the city, the New York landscape has never particularly enchanted me.  Every square inch, it seems, is crammed with buildings in its dense grid of grimy traffic-jammed streets.

So on this trip, I was curious to investigate where buildings weren’t.  The negative space.  The in-between places where nature, however improbably, might present itself.

Setting out from the West Village, my husband and I braced ourselves for the 30 degree temperature and walked the half-mile to the Lower East Side.  The gritty streets in this part of town are a cultural smorgasboard New York is famous for.  100 year old bakeries are next to hipster thrift stores are next to mosques, bodegas and social services buildings.

Shockingly, according to the map I downloaded, there was also a huge cluster of community gardens here as well. In fact, there are no less then 57 community gardens within this 1 square mile!

The biggest and most impressive one we saw was El Sol Brilliante on East 12th Street.  Taking up four vacant lots, this huge garden is surrounded by an incredible black steel fence created by the artist Julie Dermansky featuring a cutout of a giant whimsical jungle. In existence for thirty years, the garden is filled with benches, stone sculptures, murals, tons of fruit trees, vegetables, herbs, you name it.  It’s obvious that this was a much loved and cared for piece of land.


Flabbergasted by the number of gardens I was seeing, I did a bit of research to discover why.

The Lower East Side, A.K.A ‘alphabet city’, was for years a neighborhood synonymous with drugs, prostitution and garbage-strewn streets.  Arson of tenement buildings abandoned by their owners was common and these burned out vacant lots festered with crime.  Anyone who walked past them was in danger.

In 1973, plants, as they often do, came in to save the day. Artist (and my new hero) Liz Christy founded Green Guerillas, a group that went around throwing “seed bombs” into these hell zones, intending to transform the landscape .  She got some friends together and started clearing out a vacant lot on Bowery and Houston and established the first community garden in NYC.  Though under constant threat by developers the garden still remains, growing strong.

After five years of Christy’s non-stop organizing, the city soon realized that it was to their benefit to let these volunteers cultivate the space.  When community gardens went in, crime went down, not to mention the increased property values.  In 1978,  NYC established the Green Thumbs program to step in and manage the process.

Today, there are over 800 community gardens in the city.


So it was that when people gave up on a neighborhood, gardens came in to save it.  And it wouldn’t be long before the people would have to save the gardens in return.

In the 1990s, Mayor Guiliani decided he wanted to turn the gardens back into housing and gave the deeds over to the Housing Department rather then the Green Thumbs program. Well, New Yorkers weren’t havin’ that.  They swung into action and joined with larger groups, like Bette Middler’s New York Restoration Project, creating a media blitz and a groundswell of protest.

Luckily they were able to buy a lot of the land back from the city, and stop much of the impending destruction.  Even so these gardens are always under threat.  Especially now that the Lower East Side has been yuppified, complete with its own Whole Foods.

Right now of course the gardens are all locked and dormant for the winter. However, the raised beds, sculptures, and murals are all signs that they are much loved.

I can’t wait to come back in June, in the full swing of summer, and see what’s growin’.

More pics HERE


Curb Your Herb – Truck Farming

Categories: New York | 3 Comments
Posted Thursday, December 17th, 2009 at 3:10 pm


Ian Cheney and Curt Ellis, are on the road to the future.

These intrepid makers of compelling environmental documentaries,  have asked the same question as FarmApartment, but their answer is more ingenious than anything I’ve come up with so far.

Question: How do you grow your own food in the city if you ain’t got no land?

Answer: Truck Farming!

The Brooklynites have created their own version of a hybrid car by planting a mobile garden in the back of their Dodge pick-up.  Growing arugula, lettuce, broccoli, herbs, tomatoes and habanero chilies, the “cardeners” have even started a CSA.  As the soundtrack to this clip explains: “for only $20 bucks you can eat whatever grows in this truck.”

Watch this teaser to see how they got their agri-mobile rolling.

Transforming their Dodge was no walk in the parking lot.  First, holes were drilled into the bed for drainage.  Using the same technology as the latest rooftop gardens,  NYC based Alive Structures helped to install  a root barrier, erosion blanket and drainage mat into the flatbed.   Then the soil, a special lightweight blend of Styrofoam, organics, and clay, was poured on top.

If you’re interested in seeing more, check out their website for some hilarious, yet informative, excerpts from their upcoming documentary.

City-dwellers have to be creative, resourceful and experimental if they want to green their concrete jungle.  Ideas like this one are going to put urban farming into overdrive, inspiring new ways of thinking about space.  These two pioneers have found a vast new territory just by walking down to their parking spot, creating a concept that is sure to get some serious mileage.


Hungry Filmmakers

Categories: Events , Films , New York | 3 Comments
Posted Wednesday, December 16th, 2009 at 3:37 pm


Farm Apartment Is In New York!

I get to travel here a couple of times a year since my husband, a die-hard New Yorker, still has his roots here and his parents have a farmhouse about two-hours north of the city.  On this trip, I am excited to check out the urban gardening scene – to see how people are claiming the land in this most densely populated metropolis with the most expensive real estate in the country.

As it turns out, New York is turning into the Big Organic Apple.  Last night, we went to the standing room only “Hungry Filmmakers” event, an evening of provocative documentaries about the new generation of dedicated agro-warriors, scrappy urban-farmers and uber-locavores on the forefront of the new agrarian movement.

All proceeds went to benefit Just Food, which “works to promote access to fresh, seasonal, and sustainably grown food for all New York City residents.”  Delicious.

After a scrumptious dinner at the Spotted Pig and a red velvet cupcake from Magnolia (sometimes I love this city) we walked through the wintery cold to the Anthology Film Archives in the East Village.  The place was jammed packed – standing room only.  Surprised, in a good way, by the vibrant community here, we walked in and took a seat in the aisle as all the theater seats were taken.

Clips from six unreleased films were being shown:

WHAT’S “ORGANIC” ABOUT ORGANIC? by Shelley Rogers – untangling the complexities of this baffling word.

BIG RIVER and TRUCK FARM by Curt Ellis & Ian Cheney – they started a mobile farm in the back of a pickup truck in Brooklyn.  Hilarious.

THE GREENHORNS by Severine von Tscarner Fleming – examines the lives of new farmers

GROWN IN DETROIT by Manfred & Mascha Poppenk – an award-winning documentary about teen moms becoming urban farmers in Detroit.

FACES FROM THE NEW FARM by Liz Thylander, Kat Shiffler & Lara Sheets – three women bike from D.C, to Montreal, interviewing farmers along the way.


While all of the films made these issues come alive, we were both particularly inspired by  “The Greenhorns” a film which explores the lives of young farmers – kids who are basically going for it, with little knowledge and big ideals.

The couple that were interviewed in the short clip we saw were in their 20s, a few years out of college.  The wife described moving to their farm with only their principles, a remark that got a fist pump from her husband. At first, her husband was determined to do all the work with nothing but hand tools – scythes, axes, hacksaws.  He’d even built his own woodfire oven using found materials.

However, she went on to say that it wasn’t long before reality set in.  “We just bought a chainsaw last week.  It’s fine to have your head in the clouds as long as you’re willing to look down every once in awhile.”

During the panel discussion after the screening, the director, Severine von Tscharner Fleming, was asked about the idea of compromising on ideals in the face of real world problems.  She gave a truly thought provoking response.

She talked about the “logistics of courage”, a phrase that beautifully illustrates the challenges faced by these agricultural pioneers.  We all want to be brave, and fully intend to be.  The trick is how to stay courageous when the difficulties of manifesting our ideals set in.

Von Tscharner Fleming (love that name) poetically described how these young farmers were entering into this lifestyle with innocence and purity and dreams – which she likened to “sugar”.  Soon they realize that in order to sell their “sugar” to stay afloat, they need to engage in marketing and other business tactics, to engage the community and create a customer base.  She called this interaction between people and the farmer an “organism.”

She explained that when these folks are using the sun to make “sugar” with their bodies, or farming, the organism of their business model forms around them.  The organism is a very “honest animal” and takes the shape of whatever matrix it’s in, the business matrix, the cultural matrix, whatever.  It’s up to the farmer to live with the organism, and keep it alive while staying as true to their original vision as possible.

Whoa dude.  I never knew the farming business could be so psychedelic.

Her website, which she calls a hub “for adaptive young Americans…and hopeful greenhorns,” is definitely worth checking out.

This whole question of negotiating one’s values comes up a lot around the topic of food.  I’ve been educating myself on how the USDA came up with the federal standards for Organic Certification, which set a new standard for compromise.  So much so, that organic farming, as defined by the US government, can be just as damaging to the environment as industrial practices, but for different reasons.  For more on this, read the Big Organic section in Michael Pollan’s The Omnivore’s Dilemma

Yet this new agro-movement is so energized and motivated, it’s hard to discount the progress that is being made.  Yes it’s slow, like good food, but it’s progress nonetheless.

After the screening there was a get together at Jimmy’s 43, but our brains and our stomachs were already full.  On the walk  home my husband said that he could see us moving to someplace like Detroit and raising children and farming the land.  Although it sounds so romantic, and like a possible dream life, the whole point of urban farming is that you don’t have to dramatically change your life, uproot and isolate yourself to grow your own food. You can find ways to do it right where you are, on the land beneath your feet or at the very least, in the back of a pickup truck.

So, for now at least, we are remaining city kids.


Business Delivers Christmas Trees for Rent – NYTimes.com

Posted Wednesday, December 16th, 2009 at 12:14 pm


Rent – A – Tree, buy some peace of mind.  A brilliant idea!

Business Delivers Christmas Trees for Rent – NYTimes.com.


Breathing Room

Posted Wednesday, December 9th, 2009 at 6:32 pm


There are vacant lots all across Los Angeles.  Spaces waiting to be filled.  Between the concrete walls, patches of earth sit, waiting to be reclaimed and returned to a primal state.  Though it seems improbable in this industrialized, over-developed, metropolitan behemoth of a city, there is still breathing room.

These empty parcels of land create an illusion that “nothing” is there.  In reality, it is simply in a dormant state.  I love that word.  Dormant: lying as if asleep; inactive; torpid.

Last weekend, 45 people from all over California and Los Angeles gathered for the Growing Communities workshop to learn how to lift these barren landscapes out of their slumber and return them to life, as in some kind of urban fairy tale, by creating Community Gardens.

David King, Master Gardener at the Learning Garden of Venice High and Al Renner, head of the LA Community Garden Council, were our wise teachers, sharing decades of experience with plenty of humor and charm.

It’s funny, because I started this blog while meditating on my fruit bowl.  It boggles my mind how fast the journey was from my plate to the rest of the world.  My quest to find somewhere to plant a seed led me directly into a community of activists trying to shift our entire culture.  Before I could say “tomato plant”, I was thrust into a political movement.

Beyond the wealth of information, most of which I’m still trying to digest, the real benefit for me was my fellow classmates. I met teachers, city officials, organization leaders and just plain concerned citizens trying to start their own gardens.  What brought us all together was a deep commitment to “food security” (making sure that nobody goes hungry and everybody has access to fresh food) and a farm-to-plate ethos, something I find increasingly important in my own eating habits.

So why community gardens?  There are the obvious answers: neighborhood unity, fresh food, urban beautification.  But just as important is that, amidst the chaos of the city, a garden is a place where the simplicity of nature is protected; held sacred.  The lush surroundings reflect a natural abundance, which is an essential contrast to the scarcity experienced in so many parts of the city.

Solano Gardens

Solano Gardens

Gardening also offers people a simple, rewarding, highly therapeutic relationship that is, all to often, hard to replicate in the complicated world of human affairs: if you give to plants, they will give back.

Recently a friend sent me a story in the New York Times about the incredible effectiveness of the Veteran’s Administration’s  Garden Therapy Program in rehabilitating soldiers returning from Iraq who were suffering from PTSD.  By learning to deal with plants, they eventually were able to learn how to deal with society.

It follows then that the workshop curriculum had to do with tending people, not gardens.  We learned how to navigate the jungles of government bureaucracy, grow neighborhood interest, attract volunteers.  We were warned about some of the common pitfalls within organizations caused by the imperfections of human beings.  Emphasis was placed on the personal beliefs of a good community organizer:

– people are basically good and want to do the right thing,

– people can be trusted,

– groups make better decisions than individuals

– everyone’s opinion matters

We were encouraged to adhere to these principals even if we didn’t necessarily believe them.  If not for our organizations, then for our plants.  These basic tenets give space for people, and gardens, to grow.

CLICK HERE to purchase the in depth Growing Communities Curriculum on which the workshop was based.

As a parting gift, here are just a few of the organizations and gardens I learned about this weekend.

The Learning Garden at Venice High Schoollaunched in March of 2001, it  has quickly become one of the country’s largest and most successful school gardens.

Los Angeles Conservation Corpa group that provides at-risk youth with job skills with a focus on conservation and community projects.

Mudtown Farms, 2.4 acres in the middle of Watts, one of LA’s poorest neighborhoods, that is being tended by 118 farmers.

SHARE -  works to find affordable house for disabled people.

Millagro Allegra – the newest community garden in Los Angeles located in Highland Park

Solano Canyon – a community garden just East of Chinatown

There are plenty of places to jump in and get dirty.


What The Flora?

Categories: Causes , News | No Comments
Posted Thursday, December 3rd, 2009 at 4:31 pm

Screen shot 2009-12-03 at 4.23.12 PM

Let’s face it.  There are a lot of stupid laws out there.  Just a brief investigation revealed these gems.

In California:

  • Animals are banned from mating publicly within 1,500 feet of a tavern, school, or place of worship.

  • Community leaders passed an ordinance that makes it illegal for anyone to try and stop a child from playfully jumping over puddles of water.

  • In 1838, the city of Los Angeles passed an ordinance requiring that a man obtain a license before serenading a woman.

I’d like to add another one to the list.

  • In 1946, Los Angeles passed a municipal code known as the Truck Gardening Ordinance which currently prohibits selling fruits, nuts, flowers or seedlings grown in residential zones at local farmers’ markets.  The ordinance allows selling vegetables grown on private properties, but excludes everything else.

Total twilight zone.  I can almost see Rod Serling standing beneath an apricot tree, in a garden located somewhere between time and space, explaining this bizarre reality.

This all came to  light last March when Tara Kolla, who runs Silver Lake Farms, was ordered to cease and desist selling her cut flowers at the local farmer’s market.

silver lake farms flowers

In response, she and a few other urban farmers banded together to form the Urban Farming Advocates.  The group is pushing the The Food and Flowers Freedom Act to overturn the ordinance.   Kolla continues to run her impressive mini-farm at her home in Silver Lake and has since set up a CSA.  CLICK HERE to check out all of her exciting workshops and the goings on.

Luckily, Councilman Eric Garcetti is all over this. Garcetti, who has himself transformed his hillside lot in Elysian Heights into an edible garden, has said,

  • “it is in the interest of the city to promote the growth, harvest, on-site consumption and off-site sale of fruits, vegetables, flowers, and other urban gardening products in the city.  The growth of these products, and their sale at local farmers’ markets and other fresh food access programs, are directly related to the city’s efforts to green Los Angeles (by reducing the carbon footprint of food imported from other parts of the country and world), promote nutrition (by providing fresh produce in the city), and foster stronger bonds in the community (by encouraging local participation in farmers’ markets and other fresh food access programs), and create local sustainable job opportunities.”

Go Garcetti!

To find out what you can do to overturn this archaic, rotten law, visit Urban Farming Advocates.



Hooking Up

Posted Tuesday, December 1st, 2009 at 1:41 pm

One of the big hurdles for an apartment gardener is finding a plot to plant in.

True, a lot can be done with containers, and I’m going to start that project in full in the New Year.  However, a container garden on a concrete patio just isn’t the same as having a real patch of earth to smell, dig and roll around in.

Last year, I signed up for one of the 117 spaces in the three community gardens run by the City of Santa Monica.  The average wait time is five years.

That’s 20 seasons! Hopefully by then this blog will be called Evangeline’s Palatial Farms.

Luckily, there’s a new idea that’s recently sprouted up to address the high demand and low supply of public gardening spaces.  It’s called garden sharing.

Locally there are two programs, Growfriend.org and Santa Monica’s Garden Sharing Registry, that seek to create a “patch made in heaven” by pairing desperate, bio-love seeking gardeners with the lonely, unused yards of homeowners.

Filling out my profile for Growfriend.org, run by the L.A. Community Garden Council, brought me right back to my days of internet dating.  Set up as a social networking site, Growfriend seeks to create “robust gardens” by making lasting garden-sharing partnerships.

I spent about 10 minutes answering all kinds of questions about my intentions and experiences, trying to make myself as attractive as possible.  Was I dependable, knowledgeable, emotionally and psychologically available to devote myself to a long-term relationship?

I couldn’t help but think of Michael Pollan’s The Botany of Desire. Here I was trying to sound as appealing as I could to a potential garden patch.

I even uploaded a photo of myself gazing adoringly upon a squash.

With my profile done, I was able to access a map that detailed the gardeners and land holders in my neighborhood.  I could then email my profile off and hopefully find my ideal gardening partner.

So far, I’m still gardenlorn.

Screen shot 2009-12-01 at 1.18.54 PM

The Garden Sharing Registry, launched in September, is run by the Community and Cultural Services Department of Santa Monica.  Registration is done the old fashioned way: download a form and mail it in.  So far, they’ve only had one successful match, but the program is still young.


On a nationwide level, Hyperlocavore is another social network launched in January that is organizes yard-sharing as a way of promoting  locally grown produce.

Screen shot 2009-12-01 at 1.34.47 PM

Garden sharing is brilliant idea that will help people go beyond the lawn, create edible landscapes and bring neighborhoods together. It’s a concept I hope America will fall in love with.


Growing Communities Workshop

Categories: Events | 3 Comments
Posted Monday, November 30th, 2009 at 6:49 pm


On December 4-5, I’ll be attending a two-day conference, part of Robert Mondavi’s “Giving Through Growing” program.  It promises to be a “leadership workshop on community building, leadership, and organizational development through community gardening.”

I’ll drink to that!

Here’s further description from the press release:

  • Woodbridge by Robert Mondavi is proud to announce Giving Through Growing – an innovative partnership with the American Community Gardening Association (ACGA) to support the development of community gardens across the country. The program will begin on the first day of summer, June 21, 2009, and continue through the end of the year. Giving Through Growing seeks to create awareness around the ever-growing community garden movement by donating funds to create educational sessions in four cities throughout the U.S.

I’m pretty sure there’s still space.  If you’re interested, contact:

  • Teague Weybright, Los Angeles Conservation Corps, 323-526-1460, tweybright@lacorps.org

  • Blanca Fuentes, Los Angeles Conservation Corps, 323-526-1460, bfuentes@lacorps.org

This workshop is especially timely for me since I just watched The Garden, a gut-wrenching Academy-Award nominated documentary about the South Central Farmers’ struggle to save the largest community garden in the country from being destroyed by Ralph Horowitz, a real-estate developer and cold-hearted capitalist.

If you’re not familiar with the story, I’ll be writing a post on it in the next couple of days. In the meantime, watch the trailer here www.thegardenmovie.com

The documentary made clear the absolute necessity of public green spaces for people to grow food or simply develop a closer connection to the land.  This is especially true in so called food deserts, inner-city urban areas that lack supermarkets or access to fresh produce.  Also, these gardens provide a powerful way to bring people together and get them involved in their community in a positive way.

Business owners like Mondavi, who so generously give back to the community, are an anecdote for amoral greed mongers like Ralph Horowitz, the guy who couldn’t wait to bulldoze over 13 acres of food.

To show my appreciation to Robert, I’ll be drinking as much of his wine as I can between now and December 5.  I’ll try and sober up for his workshop.